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Author Guidelines

Guidelines for Contributors

Editorial policy

The South African Journal of Education (SAJE) publishes original research articles reporting
on research that fulfils the criteria of a generally accepted research paradigm; review articles,
intended for the professional scientist and which critically evaluate the research done in a
specific field in education; and letters in which criticism is given of articles that appeared in this Journal.

Research articles of localised content, i.e. of interest only to specific areas or specialists
and which would not appeal to the broader readership of the Journal,
should preferably
not be submitted for consideration by the Editorial Committee. As such, authors should
indicate the relevance of the study for education research when submitting manuscripts,
where the education system is characterised by transformation, and/or an emerging
economy/development state, and/or scarce resources.

Ethical considerations: A brief narrative account/description of ethical issues/aspects
should be included in articles that report on empirical findings.

All articles will be submitted to referees (national and/or international), who hold documented
expertise in the area the article addresses. When reviews
are received, an
editorial decision will be reached to either accept the article, reject the article, request a
revision (in some cases for further peer review), or request arbitration. As a rule only one
article per author or co-author will be accepted per year for refereeing and possible publication.

Authors bear full responsibility for the accuracy and recency of the factual content of their
contributions. A signed declaration in respect of originality must accompany each manuscript.
On submission of the manuscript, the author(s) must present a written undertaking that the
article has not been published or is not being presented for publication elsewhere.

Plagiarism entails the use of ideas that have been published previously and is prohibited.
Word-for-word copying of the work of others should be indicated by means of
double quotation marks. When quoting, always provide the author’s surname,
year of publication and the page number e.g. (Brown, 1997:40-48).

Redundancy/self-plagiarism is unacceptable. It may occur in the following ways:
1) Authors reproduce sections of their previously published papers without quotation.
2) Authors create several papers slightly differing from each other, submitting it
to different journals without acknowledging it (Information adapted from
Code of Ethics for the Journal of International Business Studies (n.d.). Available at
Accessed 20 March 2013).
In cases where redundancy is suspected, the Executive Editor in collaboration with the Editorial Board,
will investigate the matter.
Plagiarism and redundancy/self-plagiarism will be dealt with as follows:
1) With regards to papers already published - a formal notice of redundant publication
will be issued to readers as part of the next edition. The Executive Editor has the right to refuse
accepting submissions of those authors for a certain period of time (Information adapted from
Redundant Publication: The Editorial Policy Committee of the Council of Science Editors (n.d.).
Available at
Accessed 20 March 2013).
2) In cases of major concerns authors will be denied the privilege of publishing the particular
paper in the South African Journal of Education.
3) In cases of minor concern authors will be asked to rephrase the duplicated sentences.
It is expected of authors to cite materials which overlap with their work within the
manuscript. Upon request by the Editorial Committee, the information should be made available where
necessary (Information adapted from Code of Ethics for the Journal of International
Business Studies (n.d.). Available at Accessed 20 March 2013).

The author(s) must ensure that the language in the manuscript is suitably edited and the
name and address of the language editor must be supplied.

Copyright of all published material is vested in the Education Association of South Africa

Page charges

Article processing charges (APCs): Authors will be invoiced for the
required charges upon acceptance of a manuscript for publication. These
charges are reviewed annually. The APC charged is aligned with charges
for the year of acceptance.
The 2017 approved APC is ZAR 5,500 per article for South African and
USD $525 for international authors.
Total number of pages should preferably not exceed 17 pages (± 6,000

Preparation of manuscripts

The manuscript, including abstract, figure captions, tables, etc. should be typed on A4-size
paper and the pages numbered consecutively. Manuscripts should be in Microsoft Word format.
Text should be set in Arial font, 12 point in size with 1.5 line spacing. Margins should be 2.54 cm
all around.

The title should be brief (max. 15 words), followed by the author(s) name(s), affiliation(s)
(Department and University), and an e-mail address for the corresponding author.

An abstract in English (approximately 190 words) must be provided, followed by up to
10 keywords, presented alphabetically.

The text of the article should be divided into unnumbered sections (e.g. Introduction,
Background, Literature, Theoretical/Conceptual Framework, Method, Results,
Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Appendix, in that order). Se-
condary headings
may be used for further subdivision. Footnotes, if any, will be changed to

Authors must observe publishing conventions and should not use terminology that can be
construed as sexist or racist.

Figures should be clear, black/white originals, on separate pages — not embedded in the
text. Grey or coloured shading must NOT be used. Tables/figures should be numbered
consecutively, with a brief descriptive heading/caption. Information should not be duplicated
in text and tables. Each table/figure must be referred to in the text by number — not ‘above’
or ‘below’. They will be placed where possible after the first reference.


References are cited in the text by the author(s) name(s) and the year of publication in
brackets (Harvard method), separated by a comma, e.g. (Brown, 1997).

If several articles by the same author and from the same year are cited, the letters a, b, c,
etc. should be added after the year of publication, e.g. (Brown, 1977a).

Page references in the text should follow a colon after the date, e.g. (Brown, 1997:40-48).
In works by three or more authors the surnames of all authors should be given in the first
reference to such a work. In subsequent references to this work only the name of the first au-
thor is given, followed by the abbreviation et al., e.g. (Ziv et al., 1995).

If reference is made to an anonymous item in a newspaper, the name of the newspaper is
given in brackets, e.g. (Daily News, 1999).

For personal communications (oral or written) identify the person and indicate in brackets
that it is a personal communication, e.g. (M Smith, pers. comm.).

List of references

Only sources cited in the text must be listed, in alphabetical order, at the end of the article. References
should be presented as indicated in the following examples. Special attention should be paid
to the required punctuation.

Journal articles:
Johnson DW & Johnson RT 1999. Gifted students illustrate co-operative learning. Educational
, 50:60-61.

Van Zyl R (ed.) 1994. Recent advances in classroom research. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Chapters in books:
Dukzec S 1988. Gender issues. In D Hicks & J Brown (eds). Education for peace. London:

Unpublished theses or dissertations:
Squelch J 1991. Teacher training for multicultural education in a multicultural society. MEd
dissertation. Pretoria: University of South Africa.

Anonymous newspaper references:
Citizen 1996. Education for all, 22 March.

Electronic references:
Published under author’s name:
Wilson J 2000. The blame culture. British Educational Research Journal, 26. Available at
http://www.govsources/gtp%access. Accessed 20 April 2005.

Website references: No author:
These references are not archival and are therefore subject to change in any way and at any
time. If it is essential to present them, they should be included in a numbered endnote and not
in the reference list.

Personal communications:
Not retrievable and not listed.

Submission of manuscripts for publication:
Manuscripts may be submitted electronically by e-mail or via the internet. Manuscripts should
be submitted in MS Word format.

E-mail submissions:
Manuscript and covering letter must be e-mailed to

Internet submissions:
Use the "Register as Author" link to register and submit an article. This will enable you to track
the status of your article on the website.

Authors who submit manuscripts for the first time should submit their manuscripts by
means of e-mail to Only once the Editorial Committee decides to accept
the manuscript for review, users will be registered as authors.

For inquiries contact


Submission Preparation Checklist

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word format.
  3. All URL addresses in the text (e.g., are activated and ready to click.
  4. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  5. The text has had the authors' names removed. If an author is cited, "Author" and year are used in the bibliography and footnotes, instead of author's name, paper title, etc. The author's name has also been removed from the document's Properties, which in Microsoft Word is found in the File menu.
  6. The article is approximately 6000 words or 17 pages.
  7. The text was approved by a language editor.
  8. Empirical data must be checked by a statistical consultant.

Copyright Notice

If the article is accepted for publication, copyright of this article will be vested in the Education Association of South Africa.

All articles published in this journal are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license, unless otherwise stated.


Privacy Statement

The names and e-mail addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

All articles published in this journal are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license, unless otherwise stated.

SA Journal of Education is hosted at the University of Pretoria, Faculty of Education